Diplomatic relations between the Philippine and Myanmar were established on 29 September 1956 with the accreditation of Manuel A. Adeva as non-resident Ambassador based in Bangladesh. The Philippine Mission in Yangon was opened in 1956 by Minister Narciso G. Reyes who served until 1962. For a long time, the relations between Philippines and Myanmar could be described as dormant. The state visit of President Fidel V. Ramos in 1997 and the return visit to the Philippines of State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) Chairman Senior General Than Shwe in 1998 revived the relationship.
In April 2004, bilateral relations reached another high with the convening of the first meeting in Yangon of the Philippines-Myanmar Joint Commission for Bilateral Cooperation (JCBC). Former Foreign Affairs Secretary Delia Domingo Albert led the Philippine delegation to that meeting which agreed to expand Philippines-Myanmar relations in areas such as trade, investment, agriculture, forestry, tourism, culture, education, health, and air services.
In June 2006, the first Philippines-Myanmar Policy Consultations was held in Manila, followed by the visit of Secretary Alberto G. Romulo to Myanmar in August of the same year, and the second Philippines-Myanmar Policy Consultations in Myanmar's new capital of Nay Pyi Taw in July 2007.
On 25 May 2008, in the wake of the devastation wrought by Cyclone Nargis which killed thousands in Myanmar's Irrawaddy Delta, Senator Richard Gordon led a high-level Philippine delegation to the ASEAN-UN International Pledging Conference in Yangon. There the Philippines made a commitment to send a 30-man medical team, bringing with them medicines and relief goods, plus the use of a C-130 aircraft. The Philippines also pledged a US$50,000 cash donation. The total value of the Philippines' contribution to the relief effort amounted to US$350,000, excluding contributions of Philippine private companies and charitable organizations
Myanmar was admitted as the ninth member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in 1997. It was the chair of ASEAN in 2014.
Bilateral relations were given its much-needed boost with the State Visit of President U Thein Sein to the Philippines on 5-7 December 2013. Earlier, President Benigno S. Aquino III visited Myanmar’s capital Nay Pyi Taw during his attendance at the World Economic Forum (WEF) on East Asia on 07 June 2013. The two leaders had their bilateral talks on a number of issues of mutual interest.
In January 2014, the Office of the Defense and Armed Forces Attaché (ODAFA) in Yangon was re-opened.
Senior General Min Aung Hlaing visited the Philippines on 30 June to 3 July 2014, becoming the first Commander-in-Chief of Myanmar to visit the Philippines since the establishment of bilateral relations in 1956.
The Embassy has jurisdiction over Myanmar with its seven states and seven regions. The capital was moved from Yangon to Nay Pyi Taw in 2006.